3110 S. Banker St Effingham, Illinois 62401 Phone # 217-347-0111


A Termite's Life Cycle

Termites hatch from eggs and are constantly going through changes before maturity is reached. Every egg can develop into any member of the caste (family), whether it be a worker, soldier or a reproductive. With so many eggs hatching, the only way the King and Queen can be sure each role is being filled is by controlling the development of immature termites by releasing pheromones.

When a termite egg hatches it is known as a larvae. Which will eventually transform into workers, soldiers, primary reproductive or secondary reproductive. If a larvae is destined for the reproductive world it's first stage is known as a Nymph.

No one can predict what a larvae will transform into or what role it will play. The only thing that is for sure is that the termites can transform themselves into different parts of the caste to make up for the colonies ever evolving needs.

For example; if the colony needs more workers, a Nymph may start to go through a series of regressions and become a “False Worker”. As soon as reproductive termites reach full maturity they leave the nest, develop wings, functioning eyes, and harder/darker bodies (to help them withstand light and less humid air) and begin a process known as swarming. This process happens because the termites have decided to expand their territory. Hundreds of thousands of reproductive termites may abandon the nest to create new colonies. The swarmers will eventually shed their wings when they arrive at their destination and never fly again.

A telltale sign that a termite swarm happened inside your home is the appearance of hundreds of discarded wings on or around windowsills, because the termites will attempt to get outside by flying towards the light.

Swarms inside a home almost always mean infestation and a pest professional should be contacted for an inspection.

Illinois Pest Control Specialist

We are fully licensed, certified and insured for general pest and termite control under the laws of the State of Illinois, Department of Public Health. We are also proud member of the Illinois Pest Control Association, National Pest Control Association, Effingham Area Home Builders Association and the National Federation of Independent Business.

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