3110 S. Banker St Effingham, Illinois 62401 Phone # 217-347-0111

German Cockroaches


The German Cockroach is the most common cockroach found in homes, apartments, restaurants, supermarkets, hospitals and other buildings where food is stored, prepared or served. They eat food of all kinds and may hitchhike into the home on egg cartons, soft drink cartons, sacks of potatoes or onions, used furniture, beer cases, etc. These cockroaches will move from building to building during the warm summer months. They can develop into large populations and live throughout the home, especially in kitchens and bathrooms. Cockroaches can foul food and produce an unpleasant odor. A significant number of people are allergic to cockroaches, and may exhibit chronic symptoms without realizing the cause of their watery eyes or runny nose. Cockroaches can also contaminate food with bacteria that can cause food poisoning, dysentery, or diarrhea.



Most cockroaches have flattened, oval shape, spiny legs, and long filamentous antennae. Immature stages are smaller, have undeveloped wings and resemble the adults. Adult German cockroaches are light tan to medium brown except for the shield behind the head marked with two dark stripes (separated by a light stripe), which runs lengthwise on the body. Adults are about 1/2 to 5/8 inch long, have wings, but rarely fly. Wings cover the entire abdomen of females and all except abdominal tip in males. The male is light brown and rather boat-shaped, whereas the female is slightly darker with a broader behind. Young cockroaches (nymphs) are wingless and nearly black with a single light stripe, separating two black bands, running down about halfway of the middle of the back. Egg capsules (ootheca) are light tan and about 1/4 inch long.


Life Cycle & Habits:

German Cockroaches females, unlike most other cockroaches, carry ootheca that protrude from their abdomen until the eggs are ready to hatch. The ootheca is then dropped in a secluded location, where the nymphs emerge within one day. A female may produce four - eight cases during her lifetime, each containing 30-48 eggs. Eggs hatch in about one month, and nymphs develop in 1.5 - 4 months. Adult female cockroaches live about 6.5 months and males life slightly less. The German cockroach produces more eggs and has more generations per year (three to four) than other cockroaches, thus troublesome infestations can develop from a few individuals. This cockroach has spread throughout the world by commerce and transportation. It is the most prevalent pest in apartments in the United States. During the day, these cockroaches hid in clusters behind baseboard molding, in cracks around cabinets, closets or pantries, and in / under stoves, refrigerators and dishwashers. The crevices behind kitchen drawers and beneath the sink are one of the primary locations cockroaches infest. If Clusters of cockroaches are seen during the day, the population is large. Both nymphs and adults are very active and capable of running rapidly. Without food and water adults may die in two weeks. However they can live with only water for up to months.


Illinois Pest Control Specialist

We are fully licensed, certified and insured for general pest and termite control under the laws of the State of Illinois, Department of Public Health. We are also proud member of the Illinois Pest Control Association, National Pest Control Association, Effingham Area Home Builders Association and the National Federation of Independent Business.

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